The Patronage Symposium

Patronage governs many relationships in Majority World cultures, especially those influenced by honor and shame. But regrettably, Western theologians and missionaries rarely notice this prominent cultural reality. Patronage—a reciprocal relationship between social unequals—is a central part of global cultures and the biblical story of God’s mission. This webpage features resources for Christians to better understanding (and teaching) about patronage.  

Training Video

This whiteboard video Patronage 101: How Relationships Work introduces patronage and presents some ministry applications.  

       video in production, will release spring 2019


This new book Ministering in Patronage Cultures: Biblical Models and Missional Implications presents a biblical, practical paradigm for Christian ministry in patronage cultures (IVP Academic, summer 2019, 200 pages).

Misunderstanding patronage creates problems not only for Westerners ministering in other cultures, but also for contemporary people reading the Bible. If we ignore the concepts of patronage in biblical cultures, we will misinterpret Yahweh’s relationship with Israel and miss some of the meaning in Jesus’ parables and Paul’s letters. Understanding patronage even illuminates theological concepts such as faith, grace, and salvation.

Jayson Georges, coauthor of Ministering in Honor-Shame Cultures, brings his ministry experience and biblical insights to bear on the topic of patronage. With sections on cultural issues, biblical models, theological concepts, and missional implications, this resource will not only serve ministry practitioners but anyone who studies Scripture and worships God.

Articles, Resources & Blogposts 

Patronage: A Quick Definition(2 page document)

Patronage: A Visual Definition (a word-cloud)

Patronage in Latin Church Leadership (blogpost)

The Patronage Survey (summarized results from 380 people)

To Be, or Not To Be…A Patronage? (practical blogpost and chat) 


Patronage in Psalms (blogpost about Yahweh & Israel’s covenant)

The Meaning of “Grace” (blogpost about the patronage context of charis)

Sin in Patronage Relationships (blogpost on the nature of ingratitude)

Bibliography (a list of publications on patronage)



The Patronage Symposium

The Patronage Symposium gathered over 50 biblical scholars and mission practitioners in Beirut, Lebanon to discuss a biblical and relevant missiology regarding patronage. Our three days together featured 20 presentations, panel discussions, and collaborative conversations. The most fruitful outcomes were multidisciplinary insights and relational connections, as recapped here. Recordings of the sessions are available here.